Epilepsy First Aid

First aid for seizures is really very easy.
The most important thing to remember is not to panic, particularly in the presence of children. In most instances all that is required is the removal of any dangerous objects, like furniture with sharp edges, putting the person in the recovery position if relevant and a few calming and reassuring words.

What to do:

If the person has fallen, move any furniture or sharp objects out of harm's way.

If the person remains partially or wholly conscious, simply guide them away from danger, like busy roads or hot pans on a stove.

If the person has collapsed, once the seizure is over, place them gently in the recovery position.

Talk quietly and reassuringly to the person, explaining what has happened.

Stay with the person until they are fully aware of their surroundings.

Some people need to rest or sleep after a seizure - help them to somewhere safe.

What NOT to do:

NEVER put anything in someone's mouth during a seizure - people have suffered serious injury in this way, losing teeth and breaking bones!

Do not give the person anything to drink until they have recovered.

Never try to restrain someone during the convulsive stage of a seizure, they could be badly injured.

Do not expect the person to respond to commands during a seizure - if they are having a generalised or complex partial seizure they are unaware of their surroundings.

When to call an ambulance:

If it is the person’s first seizure

If the seizure lasts longer than is usual for the person, where this is known.

If you do not know the person’s seizure pattern and the seizure lasts longer than
5 minutes.

If the seizure is followed immediately by another without recovery between.

If the person has been injured